The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) is a federal law enacted in 1969 that requires Federal agencies to take into account the environmental effects of their proposed actions.
NEPA reporting requires Federal agencies to identify environmental justice concerns and to address them whenever possible. The statute also requires Federal agencies to consider alternative methods of achieving the same objectives without causing significant environmental damage.
The National Environmental Policy Act has been amended several times, most recently in 2004. The key changes made to NEPA since its enactment include:
– Increased emphasis on climate change and energy policy;
– Improved recognition of cultural resources and historic preservation;
– More specific provisions for endangered species and wetlands conservation;
– Amendments to address environmental justice concerns;
– Amendments related to Federal land management practices;
– Creation of the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) as an executive branch agency to provide overall coordination and leadership for Federal environmental policymaking;
The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) is a federal law that was enacted in 1972. NEPA requires the federal government to consider the environmental implications of any proposed action before taking it. The act also requires federal agencies to prepare an environmental impact statement (EIS) for all major projects that may have a significant impact on the environment.
The EIS must include a detailed description of the project, its environmental impacts, and any alternatives considered. The public has a right to review and comment on the EIS before it is finalized.